Music business FAQ
frequently asked questions about the music biz
Composers, works and recordings
Do I need to join a royalty collection society?
Do I need to join MCPS?
Do I need to join PRS?
Do I need to join PPL, P@MRA or AURA?
How do I tell royalty collection societies about recordings?
How do I tell collection societies about songs and writers?
How do I tell royalty collection societies about performances?
What is an ISRC (International Standard Recording Code)?
How do I get ISRCs for my CD tracks?
What is a UPC or EAN (MCN) product bar-code?
What paperwork do I need when I release my CDs?
Do I have to tell anyone about CD and download releases?
Music royalty collection Societies
Do I need to join a royalty collection society?
What is MCPS?
What is PRS?
What is PPL?
How are recording royalties collected?
How are performance royalties collected?
What is the mechanical rate charged by MCPS?
How are royalties calculated?
What are ‘black box’ royalties?
What happens when I perform my own compositions?
Do I need a license to play covers live?
Music royalties and licenses
How do you get royalties?
What do you get royalties for?
What are mechanicals?
How do writers get royalties?
How do I get royalties for records?
How do I get royalties for live performances?
How do featured label artists get royalties?
What music licenses are there?
Who buys music licenses?
What do you need music licenses for?
What is a master use license?
What is a sync license?
What is a Grand Rights license?
What is a buy-out license?
Do I need a license for my music web site?
Record companies and labels
How big is the independent record sector?
Who are the Major record labels?
What do record labels do?
What do music publishers do?
Music copyright law
How do I copyright songs, lyrics and compositions?
What can be copyright?
How long do music copyrights last?
What does assignment of music copyright mean?
CD media basics
What’s the difference between consumer and computer CD-Rs?
What’s the difference between CD-R and CD-RW?
What are copy protected CDs?
What are unbranded blank CDs?
What does Red Book mean?
Digital music distribution
What is a digital music warehouse?
What is a digital music aggregator?
What is DRM?
What is a digital music fingerprint?
What is a digital music watermark?
General business and music
Do session musicians get royalties?
How do session musicians get paid?
How is income shared out in a a group or band?
Do I need to set up a company?
Should I get an accountant?
How much is a PO box?
Where can I find out about Income Tax?
Where can I find out about VAT?
Where can I find out about Data Protection?
Where can I find out about starting a business?
Can I protect my band name?
Can I protect my record label or publisher name?
Can I protect my web site name?
How do I get bar-codes for my CDs?
Do I need to trademark my band, record label or publisher?
Online payment options
Do I need a merchant bank account?
Do I need a business bank account?
How do I accept credit card payments online?
What features should I look for in online payment?
How can I sell my CDs on the Internet?
How can I sell my CDs offline?
How do I take payment for CDs?
Web site basics
What are the options for getting online?
How does web hosting work for a simple site?
How long does it take to register a web site name?
How long does it take to connect the name to the site?
What are the main steps in setting up a DIY record label?
CD costs and prices
How much does it cost to make a CD?
How much does it cost to post CDs mail order?
Where can I find examples of CD duplication prices?
How do I package CDs for mail order?
CD release activities
What’s the difference between burned CDs and pressed CDs?
Are burned CDs less reliable than pressed CDs?
Why don’t CD-Rs and CD-RWs play in every CD player?
Should I burn CD-Rs or get pressed CDs?
What is CD mastering?
How do I get CD artwork printed?
How do I get CD insert and booklet art-work printed?
What information should I include on my CD?
Download music formats
What’s the best file format for music downloads?
How can I make MP3s smaller and faster to download?
How big is an MP3 file?
What does ‘lossy’ audio file compression mean?
Can I make full bandwidth CDs from MP3?
Can I use MiniDisc (ATRAC) files for downloads?
Making your web site
How much does a music web site cost to set up and run?
How do I set up a music web site?
How much should I pay for my web site name?
What features should I look for in web hosts?
How much web server space do I need?
How can I make my pages look the same for every visitor?
How do I use special characters on web pages?
How can I get more visitors to my site?
How can I tell which pages are most popular?
How can I tell which downloads are most popular?
How can I tell which pages people are recommending?
How can I see what search words and phrases visitors are using?
What meta name tags should I use?
What search engines did you use?
How long does it take to get a web site on Google?
Can I see how many pages Google has indexed?
DIY and indie
Do I need permission to start a record label?
Do I need to register a record label?
Do I need a publisher to get royalties?
What is a DIY record label?
What are the advantages of an independent record label?
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